• Research Methods and Biotstatistics


    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a member of the lentivirinae sub-family of retroviruses that causes AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome). HIV infection was first identified among homosexual men in USA in 1981 and this led to the misconception that HIV originated from the gay population. However, as the spread assumes a geometric proportion cutting across other demographic groups in Europe, America & Africa with similar symptoms among heterosexuals, bisexuals, homosexuals, hemophiliacs, injecting drug users, and in babies of infected mothers; it became clear that HIV is infectious and that the transmission is through body fluids (vaginal secretion, semen), blood and blood products. That has also put to rest the gay hypothesis of HIV/ AIDS infection.

    Today, however, with the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapies albeit their therapeutic limitations, HIV/AIDS is considered a chronic illness not a “death sentence”.